Vehicle over heating? Vehicle not heating up fast enough? Vehicle heats up just fine but you get no heat in the cabin? This post is just for you! If you have overheated your vehicle, also read this .
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Whatever your relationship with the automobile, it is important to understand who built it. The trouble with auto manufacturers is that they are always building stuff for each other. This post will help sort out who built what, for who, and why it matters.

First thing first, let’s get acquainted with the major automotive families. Automotive families are different makes that are all made by the same manufacture. Many times manufactures will want to produce a regular run of vehicles, and then a more luxurious run of models. They will produce what is essentially the same vehicle, but badge them differently and pack one with all the high end wonders people love.

The major automotive families include …

Toyota, Lexus, and Scion. Honda and Acura. Nissan and Infinity. Hyundai and Kia. BMW and Mini. Volkswagen, Audi, Skoda and Seat. Jaguar and Land Rover. Ford, Lincoln, and Mercury. Dodge, Chrysler, Jeep, Plymouth and Eagle (Here shortly, toss in Fiat). General Motors, Chevrolet, Oldsmobile, Cadillac, Pontiac, Buick, Hummer, Saturn, and GMC (As well as Opel, Vauxhall, Holden and Daewoo). You can always tell a terrible product, because they will have numerous names for the same bad product.
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P1192 Inlet Air Temp. Circuit Low
P1193 Inlet Air Temp. Circuit High
P1195 1/1 O2 Sensor Slow During Catalyst Monitor
P1196 2/1 O2 Sensor Slow During Catalyst Monitor
P1197 1/2 O2 Sensor Slow During Catalyst Monitor
P1198 Radiator Temperature Sensor Volts Too High
P1199 Radiator Temperature Sensor Volts Too Low


P1281 Engine Is Cold Too Long
P1282 Fuel Pump Relay Control Circuit
P1283 Idle Select Signal Invalid
P1284 Fuel Injection Pump Battery Voltage Out Of Range
P1285 Fuel Injection Pump Controller Always On
P1286 Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor Supply Voltage Too High
P1287 Fuel Injection Pump Controller Supply Voltage Low
P1288 Intake Manifold Short Runner Solenoid Circuit
P1289 Manifold Tune Valve Solenoid Circuit
P1290 CNG Fuel Pressure Too High
P1291 No Temp Rise Seen From Fuel Heaters
P1292 CNG Pressure Sensor Voltage Too High
P1293 CNG Pressure Sensor Voltage Too Low
P1294 Target Idle Not Reached
P1295 No 5 Volts To TP Sensor
P1296 No 5 Volts To MAP Sensor
P1297 No Change in MAP From Start To Run
P1298 Lean Operation At wide Open Throttle
P1299 Vacuum Leak Found (IAC Fully Seated)


P1388 Auto Shutdown (ASD) Relay Control Circuit
P1389 No Auto Shutdown (ASD) Relay Output Voltage At PCM
P1390 Timing Belt Skipped One Tooth or More
P1391 Intermittent Loss of CMP or CKP
P1398 Mis-Fire Adapter Numerator at Limit
P1399 Wait To Start Lamp Circuit


P1403 No 5 Volts To EGR Sensor
P1475 Aux. 5 Volt Output Too High
P1476 Too Little Secondary Air
P1477 Too Much Secondary Air
P1478 Battery Temp Sensor Volts Out of Limit
P1479 Transmission Fan Relay Circuit
P1480 PCV Solenoid Valve
P1482 Catalyst Temperature Sensor Circuit Shorted Low
P1483 Catalyst Temperature Sensor Circuit Shorted High
P1484 Catalytic Converter Overheat Detected
P1485 Air Injection Solenoid Circuit
P1486 Evap Leak Monitor Pinched Hose
P1487 Hi Speed Rad Fan CTRL Relay Circuit
P1488 Auxiliary 5 Volt Supply Output Too Low
P1489 High Speed Fan CTRL Relay Circuit
P1490 Low Speed Fan CTRL Relay Circuit
P1491 Rad Fan Control Relay Circuit
P1492 Battery Temperature Sensor Voltage Too High
P1493 Battery Temperature Sensor Voltage Too Low
P1494 Leak Detection Pump Switch or Mechanical Fault
P1495 Leak Detection Pump Solenoid Circuit
P1496 5 Volt Supply Output Too Low
P1498 High speed Rad Fan Ground CTRL Rly Circuit


P1594 Charging System Voltage Too High
P1595 Speed Control Solenoid Circuits
P1596 Speed Control Switch Always High
P1597 Speed Control Switch Always Low
P1598 A/C Pressure Sensor Volts Too High
P1599 A/C Pressure Sensor Volts Too Low


P1602 PCM Not Programmed
P1680 Clutch Released Switch Circuit
P1681 No I/P Cluster CCD/J1850 Messages Received
P1682 Charging System Voltage Too Low
P1683 Speed Control Power Relay Or Speed Control 12 Volt Driver Circuit
P1684 Battery Disconnected Within Last 50 Starts
P1685 Skim Invalid Key
P1686 No SKIM Bus Message Received
P1687 No Cluster Bus Message
P1688 Internal Fuel Injection Pump Controller Failure
P1689 No Communication Between ECM & Injection Pump Module
P1690 Fuel injection pump CKP Sensor Does Not Agree With ECM CKP Sensor
P1691 Fuel Injection Pump Controller Calibration Failure
P1693 DTC Detected In ECM Or PCM
P1694 No CCD Messages Received From ECM
P1695 No CCD/J185O Message From BCM
P1696 PCM Failure EEPROM Write Denied
P1697 PCM Failure SRI Mile Not Stored
P1698 No CCD Messages Received From PCM


P1719 Skip Shift Solenoid Circuit
P1740 TCC Or OD Solenoid Performance
P1756 Governor Pressure Not Equal To Target At 15 to 20 PSI
P1757 Governor Pressure Above 3 PSI When Request Is 0 PSI
P1762 Governor Pressure Sensor Offset Improper Voltage
P1763 Governor Pressure Sensor Voltage Too High
P1764 Governor Pressure Sensor Voltage Too Low
P1765 Trans 12 Volt Supply Relay Control Circuit


P1899 Park/Neutral Position Switch Stuck In Park or In Gear